Source code for pyqtgraph.widgets.SpinBox

import decimal
import re
import warnings
from math import isinf, isnan

from .. import functions as fn
from ..Qt import QtCore, QtGui, QtWidgets
from ..SignalProxy import SignalProxy

__all__ = ['SpinBox']

[docs] class SpinBox(QtWidgets.QAbstractSpinBox): """ **Bases:** QtWidgets.QAbstractSpinBox Extension of QSpinBox widget for selection of a numerical value. Adds many extra features: * SI prefix notation (eg, automatically display "300 mV" instead of "0.003 V") * Float values with linear and decimal stepping (1-9, 10-90, 100-900, etc.) * Option for unbounded values * Delayed signals (allows multiple rapid changes with only one change signal) * Customizable text formatting ============================= ============================================== **Signals:** valueChanged(value) Same as QSpinBox; emitted every time the value has changed. sigValueChanged(self) Emitted when value has changed, but also combines multiple rapid changes into one signal (eg, when rolling the mouse wheel). sigValueChanging(self, value) Emitted immediately for all value changes. ============================= ============================================== """ ## There's a PyQt bug that leaks a reference to the ## QLineEdit returned from QAbstractSpinBox.lineEdit() ## This makes it possible to crash the entire program ## by making accesses to the LineEdit after the spinBox has been deleted. ## I have no idea how to get around this.. valueChanged = QtCore.Signal(object) # (value) for compatibility with QSpinBox sigValueChanged = QtCore.Signal(object) # (self) sigValueChanging = QtCore.Signal(object, object) # (self, value) sent immediately; no delay.
[docs] def __init__(self, parent=None, value=0.0, **kwargs): """ ============== ======================================================================== **Arguments:** parent Sets the parent widget for this SpinBox (optional). Default is None. value (float/int) initial value. Default is 0.0. ============== ======================================================================== All keyword arguments are passed to :func:`setOpts`. """ QtWidgets.QAbstractSpinBox.__init__(self, parent) self.lastValEmitted = None self.lastText = '' self.textValid = True ## If false, we draw a red border self.setMinimumWidth(0) self._lastFontHeight = None self.setSizePolicy(QtWidgets.QSizePolicy.Policy.Expanding, QtWidgets.QSizePolicy.Policy.Preferred) self.errorBox = ErrorBox(self.lineEdit()) self.opts = { 'bounds': [None, None], 'wrapping': False, ## normal arithmetic step 'step': decimal.Decimal('0.01'), ## if 'dec' is false, the spinBox steps by 'step' every time ## if 'dec' is True, the step size is relative to the value ## 'step' needs to be an integral divisor of ten, ie 'step'*n=10 for some integer value of n (but only if dec is True) 'dec': False, ## if true, does decimal stepping. ie from 1-10 it steps by 'step', from 10 to 100 it steps by 10*'step', etc. ## if true, minStep must be set in order to cross zero. 'int': False, ## Set True to force value to be integer. If True, 'step' is rounded to the nearest integer or defaults to 1. 'finite': True, 'prefix': '', ## string to be prepended to spin box value 'suffix': '', 'siPrefix': False, ## Set to True to display numbers with SI prefix (ie, 100pA instead of 1e-10A) 'scaleAtZero': None, 'delay': 0.3, ## delay sending wheel update signals for 300ms 'delayUntilEditFinished': True, ## do not send signals until text editing has finished 'decimals': 6, 'format': "{prefix}{prefixGap}{scaledValue:.{decimals}g}{suffixGap}{siPrefix}{suffix}", 'regex': fn.FLOAT_REGEX, 'evalFunc': decimal.Decimal, 'compactHeight': True, # manually remove extra margin outside of text } if kwargs.get('int', False): self.opts['step'] = 1 self.decOpts = ['step', 'minStep'] self.val = decimal.Decimal(str(value)) ## Value is precise decimal. Ordinary math not allowed. self.updateText() self.skipValidate = False self.setCorrectionMode(self.CorrectionMode.CorrectToPreviousValue) self.setKeyboardTracking(False) self.proxy = SignalProxy( self.sigValueChanging, delay=self.opts['delay'], slot=self.delayedChange, threadSafe=False, ) self.setOpts(**kwargs) self._updateHeight() self.editingFinished.connect(self.editingFinishedEvent)
[docs] def setOpts(self, **opts): """Set options affecting the behavior of the SpinBox. ============== ======================================================================== **Arguments:** bounds (min,max) Minimum and maximum values allowed in the SpinBox. Either may be None to leave the value unbounded. By default, values are unbounded. suffix (str) suffix (units) to display after the numerical value. By default, suffix is an empty str. siPrefix (bool) If True, then an SI prefix is automatically prepended to the units and the value is scaled accordingly. For example, if value=0.003 and suffix='V', then the SpinBox will display "300 mV" (but a call to SpinBox.value will still return 0.003). In case the value represents a dimensionless quantity that might span many orders of magnitude, such as a Reynolds number, an SI prefix is allowed with no suffix. Default is False. prefix (str) String to be prepended to the spin box value. Default is an empty string. scaleAtZero (float) If siPrefix is also True, this option then sets the default SI prefix that a value of 0 will have applied (and thus the default scale of the first number the user types in after the SpinBox has been zeroed out). step (float) The size of a single step. This is used when clicking the up/ down arrows, when rolling the mouse wheel, or when pressing keyboard arrows while the widget has keyboard focus. Note that the interpretation of this value is different when specifying the 'dec' argument. If 'int' is True, 'step' is rounded to the nearest integer. Default is 0.01 if 'int' is False and 1 otherwise. dec (bool) If True, then the step value will be adjusted to match the current size of the variable (for example, a value of 15 might step in increments of 1 whereas a value of 1500 would step in increments of 100). In this case, the 'step' argument is interpreted *relative* to the current value. The most common 'step' values when dec=True are 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, and 1.0. Default is False. minStep (float) When dec=True, this specifies the minimum allowable step size. int (bool) If True, the value is forced to integer type. If True, 'step' is rounded to the nearest integer or defaults to 1. Default is False finite (bool) When False and int=False, infinite values (nan, inf, -inf) are permitted. Default is True. wrapping (bool) If True and both bounds are not None, spin box has circular behavior. decimals (int) Number of decimal values to display. Default is 6. format (str) Formatting string used to generate the text shown. Formatting is done with ``str.format()`` and makes use of several arguments: * *value* - the unscaled value of the spin box * *prefix* - the prefix string * *prefixGap* - a single space if a prefix is present, or an empty string otherwise * *suffix* - the suffix string * *scaledValue* - the scaled value to use when an SI prefix is present * *siPrefix* - the SI prefix string (if any), or an empty string if this feature has been disabled * *suffixGap* - a single space if a suffix is present, or an empty string otherwise. regex (str or RegexObject) Regular expression used to parse the spinbox text. May contain the following group names: * *number* - matches the numerical portion of the string (mandatory) * *siPrefix* - matches the SI prefix string * *suffix* - matches the suffix string Default is defined in ``pyqtgraph.functions.FLOAT_REGEX``. evalFunc (callable) Fucntion that converts a numerical string to a number, preferrably a Decimal instance. This function handles only the numerical of the text; it does not have access to the suffix or SI prefix. compactHeight (bool) if True, then set the maximum height of the spinbox based on the height of its font. This allows more compact packing on platforms with excessive widget decoration. Default is True. ============== ======================================================================== """ #print opts for k,v in opts.items(): if k == 'bounds': self.setMinimum(v[0], update=False) self.setMaximum(v[1], update=False) elif k == 'min': self.setMinimum(v, update=False) elif k == 'max': self.setMaximum(v, update=False) elif k in ['step', 'minStep']: self.opts[k] = decimal.Decimal(str(v)) elif k == 'value': pass ## don't set value until bounds have been set elif k == 'format': self.opts[k] = str(v) elif k == 'regex' and isinstance(v, str): self.opts[k] = re.compile(v) elif k in self.opts: self.opts[k] = v else: raise TypeError("Invalid keyword argument '%s'." % k) if 'value' in opts: self.setValue(opts['value']) ## If bounds have changed, update value to match if 'bounds' in opts and 'value' not in opts: self.setValue() ## sanity checks: if self.opts['int']: self.opts['step'] = round(self.opts.get('step', 1)) if 'minStep' in opts: step = opts['minStep'] if int(step) != step: raise Exception('Integer SpinBox must have integer minStep size.') else: ms = int(self.opts.get('minStep', 1)) if ms < 1: ms = 1 self.opts['minStep'] = ms if 'format' not in opts: self.opts['format'] = "{prefix}{prefixGap}{value:d}{suffixGap}{suffix}" if self.opts['dec']: if self.opts.get('minStep') is None: self.opts['minStep'] = self.opts['step'] if 'delay' in opts: self.proxy.setDelay(opts['delay']) self.updateText()
[docs] def setMaximum(self, m, update=True): """Set the maximum allowed value (or None for no limit)""" if m is not None: m = decimal.Decimal(str(m)) self.opts['bounds'][1] = m if update: self.setValue()
[docs] def setMinimum(self, m, update=True): """Set the minimum allowed value (or None for no limit)""" if m is not None: m = decimal.Decimal(str(m)) self.opts['bounds'][0] = m if update: self.setValue()
[docs] def wrapping(self): """Return whether or not the spin box is circular.""" return self.opts['wrapping']
[docs] def setWrapping(self, s): """Set whether spin box is circular. Both bounds must be set for this to have an effect.""" self.opts['wrapping'] = s
[docs] def setPrefix(self, p): """Set a string prefix. """ self.setOpts(prefix=p)
[docs] def setRange(self, r0, r1): """Set the upper and lower limits for values in the spinbox. """ self.setOpts(bounds = [r0,r1])
def setProperty(self, prop, val): ## for QSpinBox compatibility if prop == 'value': #if type(val) is QtCore.QVariant: #val = val.toDouble()[0] self.setValue(val) else: print("Warning: SpinBox.setProperty('%s', ..) not supported." % prop)
[docs] def setSuffix(self, suf): """Set the string suffix appended to the spinbox text. """ self.setOpts(suffix=suf)
[docs] def setSingleStep(self, step): """Set the step size used when responding to the mouse wheel, arrow buttons, or arrow keys. """ self.setOpts(step=step)
[docs] def setDecimals(self, decimals): """Set the number of decimals to be displayed when formatting numeric values. """ self.setOpts(decimals=decimals)
[docs] def selectNumber(self): """ Select the numerical portion of the text to allow quick editing by the user. """ le = self.lineEdit() text = le.text() m = self.opts['regex'].match(text) if m is None: return s,e = m.start('number'), m.end('number') le.setSelection(s, e-s)
def focusInEvent(self, ev): super(SpinBox, self).focusInEvent(ev) self.selectNumber()
[docs] def value(self): """ Return the value of this SpinBox. """ if self.opts['int']: return int(self.val) else: return float(self.val)
[docs] def setValue(self, value=None, update=True, delaySignal=False): """Set the value of this SpinBox. If the value is out of bounds, it will be clipped to the nearest boundary or wrapped if wrapping is enabled. If the spin is integer type, the value will be coerced to int. Returns the actual value set. If value is None, then the current value is used (this is for resetting the value after bounds, etc. have changed) """ if value is None: value = self.value() bounded = True if not isnan(value): bounds = self.opts['bounds'] if None not in bounds and self.opts['wrapping'] is True: bounded = False if isinf(value): value = self.val else: # Casting of Decimals to floats required to avoid unexpected behavior of remainder operator value = float(value) l, u = float(bounds[0]), float(bounds[1]) value = (value - l) % (u - l) + l else: if bounds[0] is not None and value < bounds[0]: bounded = False value = bounds[0] if bounds[1] is not None and value > bounds[1]: bounded = False value = bounds[1] if self.opts['int']: value = int(value) if not isinstance(value, decimal.Decimal): value = decimal.Decimal(str(value)) prev, self.val = self.val, value changed = not fn.eq(value, prev) # use fn.eq to handle nan if update and (changed or not bounded): self.updateText() if changed: self.sigValueChanging.emit(self, float(self.val)) ## change will be emitted in 300ms if there are no subsequent changes. if not delaySignal: self.emitChanged() return value
def emitChanged(self): self.lastValEmitted = self.val self.valueChanged.emit(float(self.val)) self.sigValueChanged.emit(self) def delayedChange(self): try: if not fn.eq(self.val, self.lastValEmitted): # use fn.eq to handle nan self.emitChanged() except RuntimeError: pass ## This can happen if we try to handle a delayed signal after someone else has already deleted the underlying C++ object. def widgetGroupInterface(self): return (self.valueChanged, SpinBox.value, SpinBox.setValue) def sizeHint(self): return QtCore.QSize(120, 0) def stepEnabled(self): return self.StepEnabledFlag.StepUpEnabled | self.StepEnabledFlag.StepDownEnabled def stepBy(self, n): ## note all steps (arrow buttons, wheel, up/down keys..) emit delayed signals only. self.setValue(self._stepByValue(n), delaySignal=True) def _stepByValue(self, steps): if isinf(self.val) or isnan(self.val): return self.val steps = int(steps) sign = [decimal.Decimal(-1), decimal.Decimal(1)][steps >= 0] val = self.val for i in range(int(abs(steps))): if self.opts['dec']: if val == 0: step = self.opts['minStep'] exp = None else: vs = [decimal.Decimal(-1), decimal.Decimal(1)][val >= 0] ## fudge factor. at some places, the step size depends on the step sign. fudge = decimal.Decimal('1.01') ** (sign * vs) exp = abs(val * fudge).log10().quantize(1, decimal.ROUND_FLOOR) step = self.opts['step'] * decimal.Decimal(10) ** exp if 'minStep' in self.opts: step = max(step, self.opts['minStep']) val += sign * step else: val += sign * self.opts['step'] if 'minStep' in self.opts and abs(val) < self.opts['minStep']: val = decimal.Decimal(0) return val def valueInRange(self, value): if not isnan(value): bounds = self.opts['bounds'] if bounds[0] is not None and value < bounds[0]: return False if bounds[1] is not None and value > bounds[1]: return False if self.opts.get('int', False): if int(value) != value: return False return True def updateText(self, **kwargs): # temporarily disable validation self.skipValidate = True txt = self.formatText(**kwargs) # actually set the text self.lineEdit().setText(txt) self.lastText = txt # re-enable the validation self.skipValidate = False def formatText(self, **kwargs): if 'prev' in kwargs: warnings.warn( "updateText and formatText no longer take prev argument. This will error after January 2025.", DeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2 ) # TODO remove all kwargs handling here and updateText after January 2025 # get the number of decimal places to print decimals = self.opts['decimals'] suffix = self.opts['suffix'] prefix = self.opts['prefix'] # format the string val = self.value() if self.opts['siPrefix'] is True: # SI prefix was requested, so scale the value accordingly if self.val == 0: if self.opts['scaleAtZero'] is not None: (s, p) = fn.siScale(self.opts['scaleAtZero']) else: (s, p) = fn.siScale(self._stepByValue(1)) else: (s, p) = fn.siScale(val) parts = {'value': val, 'suffix': suffix, 'decimals': decimals, 'siPrefix': p, 'scaledValue': s*val, 'prefix':prefix} else: # no SI prefix /suffix requested; scale is 1 parts = {'value': val, 'suffix': suffix, 'decimals': decimals, 'siPrefix': '', 'scaledValue': val, 'prefix':prefix} parts['prefixGap'] = '' if parts['prefix'] == '' else ' ' parts['suffixGap'] = '' if (parts['suffix'] == '' and parts['siPrefix'] == '') else ' ' return self.opts['format'].format(**parts) def validate(self, strn, pos): if self.skipValidate: ret = QtGui.QValidator.State.Acceptable else: try: val = self.interpret() if val is False: ret = QtGui.QValidator.State.Intermediate else: if self.valueInRange(val): if not self.opts['delayUntilEditFinished']: self.setValue(val, update=False) ret = QtGui.QValidator.State.Acceptable else: ret = QtGui.QValidator.State.Intermediate except: import sys sys.excepthook(*sys.exc_info()) ret = QtGui.QValidator.State.Intermediate ## draw / clear border if ret == QtGui.QValidator.State.Intermediate: self.textValid = False elif ret == QtGui.QValidator.State.Acceptable: self.textValid = True ## note: if text is invalid, we don't change the textValid flag ## since the text will be forced to its previous state anyway self.update() self.errorBox.setVisible(not self.textValid) return (ret, strn, pos) def fixup(self, strn): # fixup is called when the spinbox loses focus with an invalid or intermediate string self.updateText() return self.lineEdit().text()
[docs] def interpret(self): """Return value of text or False if text is invalid.""" strn = self.lineEdit().text() # strip prefix try: strn = strn.removeprefix(self.opts['prefix']) except AttributeError: strn = strn[len(self.opts['prefix']):] # tokenize into numerical value, si prefix, and suffix try: val, siprefix, suffix = fn.siParse(strn, self.opts['regex'], suffix=self.opts['suffix']) except Exception: return False # check suffix if suffix != self.opts['suffix']: return False # generate value val = self.opts['evalFunc'](val) if (self.opts['int'] or self.opts['finite']) and (isinf(val) or isnan(val)): return False if self.opts['int']: val = int(fn.siApply(val, siprefix)) else: try: val = fn.siApply(val, siprefix) except Exception: import sys sys.excepthook(*sys.exc_info()) return False return val
[docs] def editingFinishedEvent(self): """Edit has finished; set value.""" if self.lineEdit().text() == self.lastText: return try: val = self.interpret() except Exception: return if val is False: return if val == self.val: return self.setValue(val, delaySignal=False) ## allow text update so that values are reformatted pretty-like
def _updateHeight(self): # SpinBox has very large margins on some platforms; this is a hack to remove those # margins and allow more compact packing of controls. if not self.opts['compactHeight']: self.setMaximumHeight(1000000) return h = QtGui.QFontMetrics(self.font()).height() if self._lastFontHeight != h: self._lastFontHeight = h self.setMaximumHeight(h) def paintEvent(self, ev): self._updateHeight() super().paintEvent(ev)
class ErrorBox(QtWidgets.QWidget): """Red outline to draw around lineedit when value is invalid. (for some reason, setting border from stylesheet does not work) """ def __init__(self, parent): QtWidgets.QWidget.__init__(self, parent) parent.installEventFilter(self) self.setAttribute(QtCore.Qt.WidgetAttribute.WA_TransparentForMouseEvents) self._resize() self.setVisible(False) def eventFilter(self, obj, ev): if ev.type() == QtCore.QEvent.Type.Resize: self._resize() return False def _resize(self): self.setGeometry(0, 0, self.parent().width(), self.parent().height()) def paintEvent(self, ev): p = QtGui.QPainter(self) p.setPen(fn.mkPen(color='r', width=2)) p.drawRect(self.rect()) p.end()